Oxford Handbook of Gender and War and since 1600


Editors: Karen Hagemann (General Editor)
in cooperation with Stefan Dudink and Sonya O. Rose

Editorial Assistant: Derek Holmgren

Publisher: Oxford University Press 2018

The Oxford Handbook is a reference work of thirty-two essays jointly written by specialist in the history of military and war and experts in gender and women’s history. The collection, covering the period from the Thirty Years War to the Wars of Globalization, investigates how gender, an amalgam of ideals and practices that give meaning to and socially differentiate male and female, contributed to the shaping of warfare and related to it the military and was at the same time transformed by them. The essays explore this question by focusing on themes such as the cultural representations of military and war; war mobilization of and war support by society; war experiences on the homefronts and battlefronts; gendered war violence; military service and citizenship; war demobilization, postwar societies and memories; or the attempts to regulate and tame warfare and prevent new wars. The volume covers chronologically the major periods in the development of warfare since the seventeenth century. While its main geographical focus is on Europe and the Americas, this history has to include the long-term processes of colonization and empire-building originating from sixteenth-century Europe, and their aftermath in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia. Thus the handbook allows for both, temporal comparisons that explore continuities and changes in a long-term perspective, and regional comparisons as well as an assessment of transnational influences on the entangled relationships between and among gender, warfare and military culture.

Table of Content


1.      Karen Hagemann
Introduction: Gender and the History of War

Part One: From Colonial Conquest and Standing Armies to Revolutionary Wars

2.     Stefan Dudink and Karen Hagemann
Gendering War: From Colonial Conquest and Standing Armies To Revolutionary Wars, 1600-1830—Introductory Overview

3.      Peter H. Wilson
Consolidating States, Professionalizing Armies, and Controlling Violence in the Long-term Aftermath of the Thirty Years War

4.      Serena Zabin
War, Culture and Gender in Colonial and Revolutionary North America

5.      Catherine Davies
War, Culture  and Gender in Late Colonial and Revolutionary Spanish America

6.     Elizabeth Colwill
Gender, Slavery, War and Violence in the Age of Revolutions

7.      Alan Forrest
Society, Mass Warfare and Gender in Europe during and after the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars

8.      Thomas Cardoza and Karen Hagemann
History and Memory of Army Women and Female Soldiers, 1770s–1860s

9.     Stefan Dudink
Citizenship, Mass Mobilization and Masculinity in a Transatlantic Perspective, 1770s-1850sArmy Women and

Part Two: Wars of Nations and Empires

10.      Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and Mischa Honeck
Gendering War: Wars of Nations and Empires—Introductory Overview

11.      Robert A. Nye
Mobilization for War and Nation: Gendered Military  Cultures  in Nineteenth Century Western Societies

12.      Amy S. Greenberg
Gender and the Wars of Nation-building and Nation–keeping in the Americas, 1830s-1870s

13.      Angela Woollacott
Imperial Conquest, Violent Encounters and Changing Gender Relations in  Colonial Warfare, 1830s-1910s

14.      Marilyn Lake
The “White Man, ” Race and Imperial War during the long Nineteenth Century

15.      Jean H. Quataert
Changing Modes of Warfare and  the Gendering of Military Medical Care in Continental and Colonial Wars, 1850s–1920s

Part Three: The Age of World Wars

16.      Karen Hagemann and Sonya Rose
Gendering War: The Age of the World Wars and its Aftermath—Introductory Overview

17.      Annegret Fauser
Mobilization for War: Gender, Culture and Music in the Age of World Wars

18.     Susan Grayzel
“Total Warfare, ” Gender  and the Home/Front in Europe during the First and Second World War

19.      Kimberly Jensen
War Societies, Citizenship and Gender on the American and Canadian Homefronts during the First and Second World War

20.     Karen Hagemann
History and Memory of Female Military Service in the Age of the World Wars

21.      Thomas Kühne
Western States, Military Masculinity and Combat in the Age of World Wars

22.      Richard Smith
Colonial Soldiers, Race and Military Masculinity during and beyond World War I and II

23.      Regina Mühlhäuser
Sexuality, Sexual Violence and the Military in the Age of the World Wars

24.     Glenda Sluga
Gender, Peace and the New International Politics of Humanitarianism in the First Half of the Twentieth Century

25.      Karen Hagemann
Gender, Demobilization and the Reordering of Societies after the First and Second World War

26.      Frank Biess
Gendering the Memories of War and the Holocaust in Europe and the United States

Part Four:  From the Global Cold War  to the Conflicts of the Post-Cold War Era

27.      Karen Hagemann and Sonya Rose
War and Gender: From the Global Cold War and Anti-Colonial Struggle to the Conflicts of the Post-Cold War Era—Overview

28.      Raphaelle Branche
Gender, the  Wars of Decolonization and the Decline of Empires  after 1945

29.      D’Ann Campbell and Karen Hagemann
Post-1945 Western Militaries, Female Soldiers and Gay Rights

30.      Dubravka Zarkov
Sexual Violence in Post-Cold War Global Conflicts

31.      Sandra Whitworth
The United Nations, Gendered Human Rights and Peacekeeping since 1945


32.      Kristen P. Williams
Gender, Wars of Globalization and Humanitarian Interventions since the End of the Cold War

List of Illustrations