Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600


Editors: Karen Hagemann,  Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose

Publisher: New York: Oxford University Press 2020

The Oxford Handbook is a reference work of thirty-two essays jointly written by specialist in the history of military and war and experts in gender and women’s history. The collection, covering the period from the Thirty Years War to the present Wars of Globalization, investigates how gender, an amalgam of ideals and practices that give meaning to and socially differentiate male and female, contributed to the shaping of warfare and related to it the military and was at the same time transformed by them. The essays explore this question by focusing on themes such as the cultural representations of military and war; war mobilization of and war support by society; war experiences on the homefronts and battlefronts; gendered war violence; military service and citizenship; war demobilization, postwar societies and memories; or the attempts to regulate and tame warfare and prevent new wars. The volume covers chronologically the major periods in the development of warfare since the seventeenth century. While its main geographical focus is on Europe and the Americas, this history has to include the long-term processes of colonization and empire-building originating from sixteenth-century Europe, and their aftermath in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia. Thus the handbook allows for both, temporal comparisons that explore continuities and changes in a long-term perspective, and regional comparisons as well as an assessment of transnational influences on the entangled relationships between and among gender, warfare and military culture.

Extended Table of Content

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Table of Content

List of Illustrations

Karen Hagemann
Introduction: Gender and the History of War—The Development of the Research

Part One: From the Thirty Years’ War and Colonial Conquest to the Wars of Revolution and  Independence

1.     Stefan Dudink and Karen Hagemann
War and Gender: From the Thirty Years’ War and Colonial Conquest to the Wars of Revolution and Independence—an Overview

2.      Peter H. Wilson
Wars, States, and Gender  in Early Modern European Warfare, 1600s-1780s

3.      Serena Zabin
War, Culture, and Gender in Colonial and Revolutionary North America

4.      Catherine Davies
War, Gender, and Society in Late Colonial and Revolutionary Spanish America

5.     Elizabeth Colwill
Gender, Slavery, War and Violence in and beyond the Age of Revolutions

6.      Alan Forrest
Society, Mass Warfare, and Gender in Europe during and after the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars

7.      Thomas Cardoza and Karen Hagemann
History and Memory of Army Women and Female Soldiers, 1770s–1870s

8.     Stefan Dudink
Citizenship, Mass Mobilization, and Masculinity in a Transatlantic Perspective, 1770s-1880s

Part Two: Wars of Nations and Empires

9.      Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and Mischa Honeck
War and Gender: Nineteenth-Century Wars of Nations and Empires—an Overview

10.      Robert A. Nye
War Mobilization, Gender, and Military  Culture  in Nineteenth-Century Western Societies

11.      Amy S. Greenberg
Gender and the Wars of Nation-Building and Nation–Keeping in the Americas, 1830s-1870s

12.      Angela Woollacott
Imperial Conquest, Violent Encounters, and Changing Gender Relations in  Colonial Warfare, 1830s-1910s

13.      Marilyn Lake
The “White Man,” Race, and Imperial War during the Long Nineteenth Century

14.      Jean H. Quataert
Changing Modes of Warfare and  the Gendering of Military Medical Care, 1850s–1920s

Part Three: The Age of World Wars

15.      Karen Hagemann and Sonya O. Rose
War and Gender: The Age of the World Wars and its Aftermath—an Overview

16.      Annegret Fauser
Gendered War Mobilization, Culture, and Music in the Age of World Wars

17.     Susan Grayzel
Total Warfare,  Gender,  and the “Home Front” in Europe during the First and Second World Wars

18.      Kimberly Jensen
Citizenship and Gender on the American and Canadian Home Fronts during the First and Second World Wars

19.     Karen Hagemann
History and Memory of Female Military Service in the Age of the World Wars

20.      Thomas Kühne
States, Military Masculinities, and Combat in the Age of World Wars

21.      Richard Smith
Colonial Soldiers, Race, and Military Masculinities during and beyond World War I and II

22.      Regina Mühlhäuser
Sexuality, Sexual Violence, and the Military in the Age of the World Wars

23.     Glenda Sluga
Gender, Peace, and the New  Politics of Humanitarianism in the First Half of the Twentieth Century

24.      Karen Hagemann
Gender, Demobilization, and the Reordering of Societies after the First and Second World Wars

25.      Frank Biess
Gendering the Memories of War and the Holocaust in Europe and the United States

Part Four:  From the Global Cold War to the Conflicts of the Post-Cold War Era

26.      Karen Hagemann and Sonya  O. Rose
War and Gender: From the Global Cold War  to the Conflicts of the Post-Cold War Era—an Overview

27.      Raphaëlle Branche
Gender, the  Wars of Decolonization, and the Decline of Empires  after 1945

28.      Karen Hagemann and D’Ann Campbell
Post-1945 Western Militaries, Female Soldiers, and Gay and Lesbian Rights

29.      Dubravka Zarkov
Conceptualizing Sexual Violence in Post-Cold War Global Conflicts

30.      Sandra Whitworth
The United Nations, Gendered Human Rights, and Peacekeeping since 1945

31.      Kristen P. Williams
Gender, Wars of Globalization, and Humanitarian Interventions since the End of the Cold War